CHEMICAL BIOLOGICAL RADIATION THREAT (CBR)
In today’s society we find
ourselves facing a new era where an act of terrorism can be both a
conventional and non-conventional threat (CBR).
In the case
of an non-conventional attack when the air is contaminated with a
chemical or biological cloud it can occur in 3 situations, solid,
liquid or aerosol. An escape to a safety zone is definitely the best
solution. However, some of the chembio threats do not have colour or
odour but that excludes the master gases, which has an odour of
garlic or fish, cyanide, which has an odour of bitter almonds and safigon, which has an odour of fresh hay.
We can be exposed
in numerous ways i.e. by breathing, by the digestive system, contact
with the eyes, contact with the skin or contact with an open cut.
The best solution in the case of an non-conventional threat
is to use a gas mask and stay in a sealed room. A proper gas mask
with a visor will protect you from toxic air even though the gas
mask is not comfortable to wear as it puts pressure on your face and
neck, this is the only true way for survival. For babies, toddlers
and elderly people there are available comfortable smokehoods with
air blower to assist them to breathe easily.
THE MASK AND A
SEALED ROOM ARE VITAL FOR SURVIVAL if you cannot escape immediately
before a non-conventional attack occurs from the contaminated zone.
SUGGESTIONS FOR A SEALED ROOM
We would suggest in
case of emergency to prepare in advance a sealed room. You must
protect windows by covering them with polyethylene sheets. These
polyethylene sheets must be sealed tightly around the entire window
frame directly onto the wall. Use masking tape in 5cm width made
from maypoliperoplene. Suggestions for one sealed room is 40m of
polypropyleme, 5cm wide and you will need 8m square polyethylene
sheets. You must seal any air conditioning units as you would seal
the windows. Also seal key opening in the door and the bottom of the
door with a wet towel. Do not heat the room or smoke in the room.
You and your family should sit opposite the window on a
mattress on the floor. For a family with 4 people we suggest you
have at least 50 litres of water per 3 days in the room together
with food, radio, mobile phone, batteries, torch, books and toys to
occupy the children and a sanitary camping toilet.
In a sealed room you do not need to wear
protective clothing. Only the gas mask is required if an
non-conventional threat occurs.
For a person who is in an
unprotected area, a gas mask on its own is not enough protection.
You must use a CBR protective suit, rubber gloves and rubber boots.
The gloves and boots must be sealed to the suit for full protection.
The suit must have a hood to protect your head and neck and the gas
mask must cover your face fully and all hair to be tucked inside.
People with beards must use a proper smokehood.
without a gas mask or suit the next best thing is to be prepared by
protecting yourself as follows: for the head use a large wet bath
towel folded into thirds and ensure you cover the entire face
including the nose, mouth leaving space to breath, ears and full
head. Leave only a small space for vision and protect your eyes by
using either swimming or ski goggles. Eye glasses will not be
Protect your body by wearing at least a coat and a
raincoat. Ideally it would be advisable to put a layer of crushed
charcoal inside the raincoat by using spray-on glue. The coats must
be full length. Rubber boots and rubber gloves must be worn and be
sure to seal the gap between the gloves and the coat and also seal
the gap between the boots and the pants. All your body must be
totally covered to eliminate contamination.
In our next news
we will talk about the common non-conventional chemical and
biological threat and the symptoms and
This article is for
general information purposes only.
Duram Products can supply
further information regarding customer's specific requirements upon
As the information is for general information purposes
only and not specific to individual cases, Duram Products is unable
to accept responsibility concerning any of the information contained